Warehouse Management Table Process flow in SAP (WM) :

Transfer requirement
LTBK Transfer requirement - header
LTBP Transfer requirement - item

Transfer order
LTAK Transfer order - header
LTAP Transfer order - item
Master data - stock positions
LQUA Quants

Inventory documents in WM
LINK Inventory document header
LINP Inventory document item
LINV Inventory data per quant

The easiest way to determine all WM tables is via the data dictionary.
Transaction SE11
Press F4 in field tables.
On the popup for the table search, enter LVS in field development class and execute

Some of the mostly used tables for WM:

Inventory document
IKPF Header: Physical Inventory Document
ISEG Physical Inventory Document Items
LINK Inventory document header in WM
LINP Inventory document item in WM
LINV Inventory data per quant

Storage locations and stocks
LAGP Storage bins
LEIN Storage unit header records
LQUA Quants
LQUAB Total quant counts for certain strategies
MEIK Make-to-Order Stock for Customer Order
MSCA Sales Orders on Hand with Vendor
MSKA Sales Order Stock
MBPR Stock at Production Storage Bin
MLGN Material Data per Warehouse Number
MLGT Material Data per Storage Type